Gion is a famous geisha district. In Kyoto, a geisha is called geiko, which translates as "art professional" in reference to their training in traditional dance and music; apprentices are called maiko. While it's possible to catch a glimpse of both in Gion, you can learn more on an inexpensive walking Gion Night Tour or at Gion Corner with its performances of dance, music, flower arranging and other cultural arts.
Home to Japan's Imperial court for over 1,000 years Kyoto is the country's most historically significant city. It boasts 17 UNESCO World Heritage sites, hundreds of shrines and temples, is home to traditional kaiseki cuisine, has many skilled artisans, and craft stores.